HALÉVY, ELIE HALFON

HALÉVY, ELIE HALFON (1760–1826), writer and poet in Hebrew and French. Born into an illustrious Jewish family in Fuerth, Bavaria, he received an Orthodox upbringing. As a young man he moved to Paris where he served as cantor, secretary of the community, and teacher. In Paris he acquired a broad general education and was greatly influenced by classical French literature. From 1817 to 1819 he edited and published a weekly journal in French, L'Israélite Français, which called for "Jewish enlightenment," and was animated by strong French patriotism. His only published book, Limmudei Dat u-Musar ("Teachings of Religion and Ethics," 1829), was a catechism for Jewish religious instruction. The tract is written in the spirit of the Haskalah and includes the decisions of the sanhedrin convened by Napoleon in 1807. His most important literary work, the poem "Ha-Shalom" ("Peace"), commemorated the cease-fire between France and England in 1802, when it was sung as a hymn, in both Hebrew and French, in the Great Synagogue of Paris. The poem was printed with a French and German translation by the imperial printing press in Paris, and reprinted in R. Fuerstenthal's Ha-Me'assef (1829, pp. 216–26). Written in the form of a classic Greco-Roman ode, it reflects the stormy period of the French Revolution and the subsequent wars and mirrors both the patriotic mood and the atmosphere of fear prevalent at the time. It remains a classic of the early period of modern Hebrew literature. Halévy was the father of the composer Jacques François Fromental Halévy and the author and playwright Léon Halévy . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Klausner, Sifrut, 1 (19502), 322–5; I. Zinberg, Sifrut, 5 (1959), 260–2. (Gedalyah Elkoshi)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Élie Halévy (Chalfan) — Élie Halévy (Ḥalfan/Chalfan), oder Élie Halfon Halévy (* 1760; † 5. November 1826 in Paris) war ein französisch jüdischer Dichter und Autor. Er ist der Vater von Fromental und Léon Halévy. Biographie Halévy wurde in Fürth (Bayern) geboren. Schon… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HALÉVY, JACQUES (François) FROMENTAL ÉLIE — (1799–1862), French operatic composer. He was born in Paris, the son of Elie Halfon Halévy . He entered the Paris Conservatory at the age of ten, studied composition with Cherubini, and won the Rome Prize in 1819 for his cantata Herminie. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Élie Halévy (Chalfan) — Élie Halévy (Ḥalfan/Chalfan), or Élie Halfon Halévy (1760 November 5, 1826, Paris) was a French Hebrew poet and author. He is the father of Fromental and Léon Halévy. BiographyBorn at Fürth in Bavaria, at an early age Halévy went to Paris, where… …   Wikipedia

  • HALÉVY — (19th–20th centuries), French family of authors. LÉON HALÉVY (1802–1883) was born in Paris. He was the younger son of Elie Halfon Halévy and younger brother of the composer Jacques François Fromental Halévy . A scholar of distinction, Léon Halévy …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Halévy —  Pour les articles homophones, voir Alévi et Halevi.  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Patronyme Halévy est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Famille Halévy,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Halevy — Halévi Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Halévy. Patronymes : Halevi Aaron Halevi, le Rav Aharon HaLevi (1235 vers 1290) dit le Ra ah, rabbin,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Famille Halévy — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Halevi. La famille Halévy, à l origine Lévy, est une famille française d origine juive qui a donné des musiciens et des hommes de lettres remarquables. Elle a la particularité d avoir des générations qui sont… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Geneviève Halévy — Geneviève Straus Geneviève Halévy est une salonnière française, née à Paris le 26 février 1849 et morte en 1926. Elle a été mariée au compositeur Georges Bizet puis à l avocat Émile Straus. Elle est aussi connue pour avoir été un des modèles de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Fromental Halévy — Jacques François Élie Fromental Halévy (* 27. Mai 1799 in Paris; † 17. März 1862 in Nizza; eigentlich: Elias Lévy) war ein französischer Komponist und Musikpädagoge. Bekannt wurde er weithin durch seine Oper …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fromental Halévy — Jacques François Fromental Élie Halévy (May 27, 1799 March 17, 1862) (usually known as Fromental Halévy) was a French composer. He is known today largely for his opera La Juive .Early careerHalévy was born in Paris, the son of a cantor, Elie… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.